In most countries around the world, biscuits are a sugary snack or treat with no leavening (raising) agent, including flour, fat and sugar, e.g. shortbread, Oreos and Custard Creams.
In the USA, biscuits can also mean a small baked bread, made with leavening agent and sugar. In the UK these are called Scones.
The terminology varies in the USA however. For example, The American Biscuit Company invented the Oreo, they don’t make scones.
Note: The National Biscuit Company was formed in 1898 when the American Biscuit Company merged with the New York Biscuit Company. Better known as Nabisco, they are owned by Mondelez International.
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